The Visual Information Processing Skills
The ability to remember for immediate recall of a given object or form. Children with poor visual memory may struggle with comprehension, remembering what words look like or fail to recognize on another page. Take longer copying assignments because they must frequently review the text.
Laterality and Directionality
The ability to distinguish left and right on one’s self. Good bilateral integration skills allow children to use their visual systems to monitor and adjust placement of their body weight against the gravitational forces on both sides of their body’s “midline”, allowing for good balance and coordination. Children with poor eye-body skills may have difficulty in such areas as sports, learning to ride a bicycle, or general “clumsiness.”
Including both gross and fine motor skills, ocular motor skills refer to a person's ability to control the movement of the eyes so that visual information can be transmitted to the brain and then translated into commands for the rest of the body. This may be something as simple as threading a needle, placing a pencil in the correct spot on a piece of paper, or ergonomics such as sitting upright, the correct distance from your paper, and with the correct pencil grip.
The ability to maintain attention on a visual stimulus even when distractors are in place. This skill is one of the final skills that are learned in a developing mind, once other skills are firmly in place. To distract children, activities are coupled together to make them more difficult.
Read about Visualization and its related skills here. Skills related to visualization include form constancy, visual spatial relations, visual closure, discrimination, figure-ground.
Lysle Shaw-McMinn, O.D.
Dr. Lysle graduated from Southern California College of Optometry in 2014. His knowledge of technology and enthusiasm for pediatric and senior care has brought him to work with us in Sun City Vision Center.
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